Top Ten Amazing Natural Habitats of Canada
Canada is one of the northernmost countries of the world,
being home to world’s coldest and the
most serene natural habitats of the world
such as mountain ranges, waterfalls, etc.
We insist you to experience Canada at least
once in a lifetime because feeling worth not missing.
1. Canadian Rockies, British Columbia/Alberta
The Banff national park in Alberta province is the oldest national park of Canada, established in 1885. The park encompasses 6641 acres of the Canadian Rockies. The town of Banff is the highest town in Canada, located at an elevation of 4537 feet. The 20537 meter long Castleguard cave system is also located in Banff Park. It is the largest cave system in Canada. The Banff Park is also home to thousands of glaciers, endangered woodland caribou and glacier-fed lakes.
The Kootenay National Park located in Southeastern British Columbia is named after the Kootenay River flow through the park. Covering over 1406 square kilometers of land the Kootenay Park contains hot springs, beautiful landscapes, valleys, sedimentary rocks and impressive mountains.
The Waterton Lakes National Park in Alberta province is the smallest National Park in Canadian Rockies. Comparing to other four national parks in the Canadian Rockies the Waterton Park only covers an area of 480.6 square kilometers. The park is home to some of ancient mountains of the Canadian Rockies, grasslands, evergreen forests and rich wildlife.
The park is named after the Waterton Lake locate in the international border between Canada and U.S. The lake has two parts – Upper Waterton Lake and Lower Waterton Lake. The Lower Waterton Lake lies in the Canadian side. The park features 45 different types of habitat types in total including shrub lands, wetlands, grasslands and lakes. The rich wildlife and vegetation is also found in Waterton Park. The park protects more than 60 species of mammals, 24 species of fishes, 250 species of birds, 10 species of reptiles and 1000 species of vascular plants.
2. Niagara Falls, Ontario
The light green/blue color is one of the great features of Niagara Falls. The mixing up of rock flavors with the water at a high rate is the reason behind this coloration. The Niagara Falls doesn’t freeze over even in the extreme winter climate. However ice bridges will form on both top and bottom parts of the falls. During winter season Niagara receives only fewer visitors.
3. Northern Lights
The resulting color of Northern lights depends upon the type of gas with charged electrons collide and the attitude. The reflection of green-red colors occurs when the electrons are interact with oxygen atoms. In case of nitrogen atoms you can see the reflection of blue, purple or violet colors in the sky. The Northern lights will last for a few minutes to a couple of hours.
4. Nahanni National Park Reserve, Dehcho Region
The Nahanni national park is also home to a wide variety of animals including 42 species of mammals and 180 species of birds. Nearctic boreal forest and Nearctic Alpine Tundra, two major biomes also present in the Nahanni park. Many rare orchid species, 700 species of vascular plants, and 300 species of lichens also grow in abundance in this park.
5. Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia
The bay is also surrounded by impressive sandstone statues and rock cliffs. You can also see an impressive marine biodiversity in Bay of Fundy. It is home to 12 species of whales, seals, planktons, dolphins, crabs and many species of birds including puffins and sandpipers.
6. Cabot Trail, Nova Scotia
The Cape Breton Highlands National Park is another major attraction you can visit while passes through the Cabot Trail. The park is known for its forests, steep cliffs, valleys and river canyons. In addition to all these attractions you can also enjoy delicious sea foods from restaurants around the Cabot Trail.
7. Sleeping Giant Provincial Park, Ontario
The incredible network of hiking trails in the park extends over 80 km. The visitors can also reach the top of the sleeping giant rock formation. It offers breathtaking views of Lake Superior and the park.
8. Ellesmere Island, Nunavut
It is very difficult to see vegetation in such a high Arctic region such as Ellesmere Island. The Arctic willows are the only species that mainly found on the Ellesmere Island. Unsurprisingly the animal population is also very less in this island due to the sparsity of vegetation. Muskoxen, Arctic hare and caribou are the only species that found in Ellesmere Island.
9. Algonquin Provincial Park, Ontario
Moose, wolves, black bears, otters, chipmunks and raccoons are the main animals that found in Algonquin Park. The canoeing is the best way to explore the beauty of this park. The canoeing route in the Algonquin Park stretches for more than 1500 km.
10. Dinosaur Provincial National Park, Alberta
So what are you waiting for?
Get set. Pack. Go.